Unilateral Disengagement

   Name applied to Israel's withdrawal of about 9,500 settlers and military personnel from the Gaza Strip and four settlements in the northern West Bank in the summer of 2005. The withdrawal was officially the implementation of Tokhnit HaHit-natkut, The Disengagement Plan Implementation Law. The disengagement from the Gaza Strip was completed on 12 September 2005, when the last Israeli soldier left the area. The military disengagement from the northern West Bank was completed 10 days later.
   The plan to disengage unilaterally from the Gaza Strip was first announced by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon at the December 2004 Herzliya Conference. Sharon argued that the disengagement would improve Israel's long-term security and international status; his rationale for undertaking the process unilaterally was that, with the breakdown of the Camp David II talks and the initiation of the Al-Aksa intifada, there was no Palestinian "partner" with whom Israel could negotiate.
   Israel continued to control Gaza's coastline and airspace and reserved the right to undertake military operations when necessary in response to terrorist provocations (such as Operation Summer Rain). Initially, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) was to have remained on the Gaza-Egypt border and reserved the right to engage in further house demolitions to widen a "buffer zone" there. However, after intense negotiations brokered by the United States, the Knesset on 31 August voted to withdraw the IDF from the Gaza-Egypt border and allow Egyptian deployment of border police along the Egyptian side of the border (demilitarized under the terms of the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty). In addition, the European Union contributed forces to assist the Palestinian Authority in monitoring the flow of illegal weapons through border checkpoints into Gaza.
   The 21 settlements in the Gaza Strip affected by the unilateral disengagement were Bedolah, Bnei Atzmon (Atzmona), Dugit, Elei Sinai, Gadid, Gan Or, Ganei Tal, Katif, Kfar Darom, Kfar Yam, Kerem Atzmona, Morag, Netzarim, Netzer Hazani, Neve Dekalim, Nisanit, Pe'at Sadeh, Rafiah Yam, Shirat Hayam, Slav, and Tel Katifa. The four settlements in the northern West Bank affected by the unilateral disengagement were Ganim, Homesh, Kadim, and Sa Nur.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Israel's unilateral disengagement plan — Part of a series on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Arab–Israeli conflict Israeli–Palestinian peace process …   Wikipedia

  • Disengagement — The term disengagement can refer to: Disengagement (film) by director Amos Gitai Israel s unilateral disengagement plan Disengagement (Cold War) Religious disengagement Apathy This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title …   Wikipedia

  • Disengagement Plan — (Tokhnit Hitnatkut)    See Unilateral Disengagement (Hitnatkut, Tokhnit Hahitnatkut) …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Superpower disengagement — is a foreign policy option whereby the most powerful nations, the superpowers, reduce their interventions in an area. Such disengagement could be multilateral among superpowers or lesser powers, or bilateral between two superpowers, or unilateral …   Wikipedia

  • Hafrada — ( he. הפרדה) is the English transliteration of the Hebrew word for separation.cite web|title= Republished as an excerpt of the original 28 October 2000 article in the Courrier International, under the title Au fil des jours, Périphéries explore… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaza–Israel conflict — The Gaza–Israel conflict is an on going conflict that escalated during the Second Intifada and is a component of the larger Israeli Palestinian conflict. Its distinction from the conflict in the West Bank became more obvious following Israel s… …   Wikipedia

  • Likud — הַלִּכּוּד Leader Benjamin Netanyahu Founded 1973 (alliance) 1988 (unified party) …   Wikipedia

  • Gaza Strip — This article is about the geography, demographics, and general history of the Gaza Strip. For the geopolitical area, see Palestinian territories. For other uses, see Gaza (disambiguation). Gaza Strip قطاع غزة Qiṭāʿ Ġazzah …   Wikipedia

  • Second Intifada — Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Arab–Israeli conflict Clockwise from above: A masked P …   Wikipedia

  • State of Palestine — This article is about the political entity proclaimed in 1988. For other uses, see Palestine (disambiguation). State of Palestine[1][i] دولة فلسطين …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.